Lectures and Readings

version 15 May 2015

The Institute takes place Monday June 22 to Friday July 17, 2015. First week runs Mon-Fri; Second Mon-Thurs; Third Tues-Fri; Fourth Mon-Fri.


Week 1 (June 22 – June 26): Economics, capabilities & women’s empowerment:

Naila Kabeer (M-Th) and Christine Koggel (M-Th)

MSU lecturer: Stephen Esquith (tentative)


Week 2 (June 29 – July 3): Preference, economy, and change:

Serene Khader (M-Th)

(and participants will begin focus and presentation of individual projects)


Week 3 (July 7 – July 10: because of July 4 weekend, we have shifted work this week to a Tuesday to Friday schedule):  Gender, property, institutions and climate:

Bina Agarwal (Tu-Fr) and Henry Shue (Th,Fr)

MSU lecturer: Paul Thompson


Week 4 (July 13 – July 17) Climate, gender and justice:

Henry Shue (M,Tu), Asuncion St Clair (M-Th), and Alison Jaggar (M-Th)

 MSU lecturer: Kyle Whyte

Pre-Institute assigned readings:

1. Key texts (recommended starting points; portions of these may also be included in institute readings):

Nussbaum, Martha. Creating Capabilities. Cambridge, MA: Harvard, 2011. (Chapters 1-6)
Nussbaum 2011 chapters 1-6.pdf

Collier, Paul. The Plundered Planet: How to reconcile prosperity with nature. UK & USA: Oxford, 2010. (Chapters 1-4, 10,11; pp. 1-78, 207-243)
Collier 2010 Plundered Planet ch. 1 to 4.pdf
(Ch. 10 and 11 not provided here, to keep us less apparently abusive of copyright: we encourage you to purchase the book and use this file as reference)

Jaggar, Alison. Ed. Gender and Global Justice. UK & USA: Polity Press, 2014. (Alison Jaggar, “Introduction,”, 1-17; Alison Jaggar, “Transnational Cycles of Gendered Vulnerability,” 18-39, Abigail Gosselin, “Global Gender Injustice and Mental Disorders,” 100-118, Gillian Brock, “Reforming our taxation arrangements to promote global gender justice” 145-66, Scott Wisor, “Gender Injustice and the Resource Curse,” 168-188)
Jaggar Gosselin Brock Wisor 2014 Intro 1 5 7 8.pdf

(At http://nehinstitute.philosophy.msu.edu/?page_id=169 you will find further lists of “Area texts” and “further readings” that might be handy, for broader reference.)



NAILA KABEER: Rights, capabilities and gender justice


Session 1:  The evolving idea of capabilities

This session focuses on the evolution of the idea of capabilities within the development agenda as it was initially conceptualized by Amartya Sen and then expanded and elaborated in a number of different directions.  Our interest in this session is to follow the strand within this evolution that has a direct bearing on the key themes of this component. We will use this session to discuss the tradition of economic thought that Sen set out to challenge in developing his ideas. We will also consider efforts to politicize the concept, including links to rights and collective action, and to make it more directly relevant to feminist concerns.


Assigned readings

Amartya  Sen (2005) ‘Human rights and capabilities’ Journal of Human Development  Vol 6 (2):151-166
Sen 2006 Rights.pdf

Martha Nussbaum  (2003) ‘Capabilities as fundamental entitlements: Sen and social justice’ Feminist Economics Vol. 9 (2-3): 33-59
Nussbaum 2003 Sen and Social Justice.pdf

Peter Evans ‘Collective capabilities, culture and Amartya Sen’s Development as Freedom’,Studies in Comparative International Development Vol. 37 (2): 54-60
Evans 2002 Collective Capabilities.pdf

Solava S. Ibrahim (2006) ‘From individual to collective capabilities: the capability approach as conceptual framework for self-help’ Journal of Human Development. Vol. 7 (3): 397-416.
Ibrahim 2006 Collective capabilities.pdf


Further background reading

Robeyns, I. (2005) ‘The capability approach. A theoretical survey’ Journal of Human Development Volume 6Issue 1
Robeyns 2005 Capabilities survey.pdf




Kabeer Session 2:  Capabilities and empowerment

I would like to use this session to move from the idea of capabilities, as framed by Sen, to a more direct engagement with feminist concepts of autonomy, which seems to have greater resonance in the Western feminist literature, and empowerment, which has informed the work of many of us working in the global South.  I will pick up on my own ideas about women’s empowerment, which was influenced by the capability literature, and my efforts to extend it to address questions of agency in what had been called ‘the belt of classic patriarchy’. the context in which I do my research. We will discuss a number of case studies to explore these issues in greater empirical depth.

Assigned readings

Barclay, L. (2000) ‘Autonomy and the social self’ in C. Mackenzie and N. Stoljar (eds)Relational autonomy: feminist perspectives on autonomy, agency and the social self  Oxford; Oxford University Press
Barclay 2000 Autonomy and Social Self.pdf

Kabeer, N. (2001) ‘Resources, agency, achievements: reflections on the measurement of women’s empowerment’ SIDA Studies No. 3.  (pp. 17-57). SIDA, Stockholm (www.sida.se) and
Kabeer 2001 Resources.pdf
Full text at:

Madhok, S. (2013) ‘Action, agency, oppression:  reformatting agency for oppressive contexts’ Chapter 2 in S. Madhok Rethinking agency: developmentalism, gender and rights London: Routledge Press
Madhok 2013 Action Agency Oppression.pdf

Hayward CR. 1998. ‘De-facing power’. Polity 31: 22–34.
Hayward 1998 DeFacing Power.pdf


Further background reading

Kandiyoti, D. (1988) ‘Bargaining with Patriarchy’, Gender and Society, Vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 274_90.
Kandiyoti 1988 Bargaining with patriarchy.pdf

Joseph, S. (1997) ‘The Public/Private’ the Imagined Boundary in the Imagined Nation/State/Community: The Lebanese Case’, Feminist Review, Vol. 57, pp. 73-92.
Joseph 1997 Public Private Imagined Boundary.pdf


Case studies

Kabeer, N. (2000) ‘Renegotiating purdah: women workers and labour market decision-making in Dhaka’ Chapter 4 in N. Kabeer The power to choose: Bangladeshi women and labour market decisions in London and Dhaka  London: Verso Press
Kabeer 2000 Renegotiating Purdah.pdf

Kabeer, N. (1998) ‘Money can’t buy me love? Re-evaluating gender, credit and empowerment in rural Bangladesh’ IDS Discussion Paper 363 Brighton: Institute of Development Studies




Kabeer Session 3: Debating universalism

The tensions between universal claims and cultural values in defining feminist ideas about empowerment and gender justice within the international development agenda date back to its earliest years. They continue to simmer within development debates, surfacing periodically in ways that force us to re-examine our own position in this debate.  9/11 and its aftermath has brought these tensions to the surface in a particular dramatic way.   This session will examine some of the ways in which this debate has played out and asks whether we can carve out some kind of middle position.


Assigned readings

Mahmood, S. (2005) ‘On the subject of freedom’ Chapter 1 in Politics of Piety: the Islamic Revival and the feminist subject Princeton University Press
Mahmood 2006 Politics of Piety Ch1 and 4.pdf

Abu-Lughod, L. (2002) ‘Do Muslim Women Really Need Saving? Anthropological Reflections on Cultural Relativism and its Others’, American Anthropologist, Vol. 104, no. 3, pp. 783_90.
AbuLughod 2002 Muslim Women Saving.pdf

Narayan, U. ‘Minds of their own: choices, autonomy, cultural practices and other women’ in L.M. Anthony and C.E. Witt (eds)  A mind of one’s own: feminist essays on reason and objectivity Westview Press, 2002: 418-432
Narayan 2002 Minds of their own.pdf

Glover, J. (1995) ‘The research programme of development ethics’ in M. Nussbaum and J. Glover (eds) Women, culture and development. A study of human capabilities  Oxford University Press
Glover 1995 Research Program.pdf


Further background reading

Nyamu-Musembi, C. (2005) ‘Towards an actor-oriented perspective on human rights’ in N. Kabeer (ed) Inclusive citizenship: meanings and expressions (London: Zed Press)
NyamuMusembi 2005 towards actor.pdf

Grewal, Inderpal (2005) ‘Women’s rights as human rights: the transnational production of the global feminist subject’ from Inderpal, Grewal, Transnational America. Feminisms, diasporas, neoliberalisms Durham: Duke University Press. Original article, 1999 Citizenship Studies:
Grewal 1999 Womens rights as human rights.pdf



Kabeer Session 4: Collective capabilities and gender justice

This final session will examine attempts by feminists to navigate pathways to gender justice between false universalisms and cultural essentialism and ask whether these are likely to satisfy those who adhere firmly to one or other position.  Once again, it will use case studies to explore some of these questions in greater depth and to draw out what they tell us about feminist visions of social change.  I would like to use the case studies to return to our concern with capabilities and to revisit its relationship with rights.


Assigned readings

O’Neill, O. 1991, ‘Justice, Gender and International Boundaries’ British Journal of Political Science  Vol.  20: 439-59.
ONeill 1990 Justice Gender International Boundaries.pdf

Benhabib, S. (1992) Situating the self. Gender, community and post-modernism in contemporary ethics. Routledge. (‘Autonomy, modernity and community. Communitarianism and critical social theory in dialogue’ Chapter 2)
Benhabib 1992 Situating the Self 2.pdf

N.  Kabeer (2012) ‘‘Empowerment, citizenship and gender justice: a contribution to locally-grounded theories of change’ Ethics and Social Welfare Vol 6(3).
Kabeer 2012 Empowerment locally grounded.pdf

Anne Phillips (2001) Multiculturalism, universalism and the claims of democracyDemocracy, governance and human rights working paper No. 7, Geneva: UNIRSD
Philips 2001 Multiculturalism Universalism Democracy.pdf


Further background reading

Phillips, A. (2007) ‘Exit and Voice’ Chapter 5 in Multiculturalism without culture.  Princeton: Princeton University Press
Phillips 2014 Multiculturalism Exit Voice.pdf

Naila Kabeer (2014) ‘Rights, capabilities and collective action: the ‘missing ingredient’ in the MDGs’ Paper prepared for the UN Women Expert Group Meeting on Structural and Policy constraints in achieving the MDGs for women and girls

Lister, R. (1997) ‘Citizenship. Towards a feminist synthesis’ Feminist Review Vol 57: 28-48.
Lister 1997 Citizenship.pdf

Nyamu-Musembi, C. (2005). Towards an actor-oriented perspective on human rights. In: N.Kabeer (Ed.), Inclusive citizenship. Meanings and expressions (pp.31-49). London: Zed Press.
NyamuMusembi 2005 towards actor.pdf

Kabeer, N. and A. Khan (2014) ‘Cultural values or universal  rights: women’s narratives of compliance and contestation in urban Afghanistan’ Feminist Economics Vol. 20 (3): 1-24
Kabeer Khan 2014 Cultural Values.pdf


Case studies:

Kabeer, N. (2011) ‘Between Affiliation and Autonomy: Navigating Pathways of Women’s Empowerment and Gender Justice in Rural Bangladesh’, Development and Change, Vol. 42, no. 2, pp. 499_528.
Kabeer 2011 Affiliation and Autonomy.pdf

Madhok, S. (2013) Rethinking agency. Developmentalism, gender and rights London: Routledge Press. (Ch.4: ‘Rights and the politics of developing new subjectivities’)

Gooptu, N. (2000) Sex workers in Calcutta and the dynamics of collective action   UNU-WIDER Working Papers 185. Helsinki: UNU-WIDER.
Gooptu 2000 Sex workers copy

Sanyal, P. (2009) ‘From credit to collective action: the role of microfinance in promoting women’s social capital and normative influence’. American Sociological Review Vol 74: 529-555
Sanyal 2009 Microfinance and womens social capital.pdf


CHRISTINE KOGGEL: Capabilities, and women’s empowerment


Session One: The Capabilities Approach and Agency

In this session we will explore some of the central features of the capabilities approach in and through readings by the two key figures in the literature: Amartya Sen and Martha Nussbaum. Our focus will be on what the capabilities approach is more generally, but we will also discuss some of the differences between Sen and Nussbaum – including the issue of having a list of capabilities (Nussbaum) versus not having a list (Sen). The main focus in this session and the sessions that follow will be to explore the connections that Sen makes between his version of the capabilities approach and women’s agency and to discuss what Sen advocates for promoting women’s agency.
Assigned Readings:

Nussbaum, Martha. 2011. Creating Capabilities: The Human Development Approach. Chapter 1: “A Women Seeking Justice” (1-16) and Chapter 2: “The Central Capabilities (17-45). Harvard University Press.
Nussbaum 2011 chapters-1-6.pdf

Sen, Amartya. 1999. Development as Freedom. “Introduction” (3-11) and Chapter 8: “Women’s Agency and Social Change” (189-203). New York: Anchor Books.
Sen 1999 Development as Freedom Intro Ch8.pdf

Sen, Amartya. 2004. “Capabilities, Lists and Public Reason,” Feminist Economics, 10 (3): 77–80.
Sen 2004 Capabilities Lists Public Reason.pdf


Additional Background Readings:

Crocker, David and Ingrid Robeyns. 2009. “Capability and Agency.” In Amartya Sen, edited by Christopher Morris, 60–90. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
CrockerRobeyns 2009 Agency copy.pdf

Nussbaum, Martha. 2003. “Capabilities as Fundamental Entitlements: Sen and Social Justice,” Feminist Economics, 9 (2/3): 33-59.
Nussbaum 2003 Sen and Social Justice.pdf

Robeyns, Ingrid. 2005. “Selecting Capabilities for Quality of Life Measurement,” Social Indicators Research, 74 (1): 191-215.
Robeyns 2005 Selecting capabilities for quality of life.pdf

Sen, Amartya. 1999. Development as Freedom, New York: Anchor Books.



Koggel Session Two: Beyond Capabilities and Agency? Critiques and New Developments

In this session we will consider approaches that are critical of aspects of Sen’s version of the capabilities approach. One sort of critique has us examine whether Sen’s approach to enhancing women’s agency is the best or most effective way. The other sort of critique, explored in more detail in the remaining sessions, has us discuss what relational theory is and how it presents a challenge to accounts of cosmopolitanism and justice theory more generally. The goal will be to begin inquiry into a relational approach and its reconceiving of concepts central to justice theory and to the capabilities approach. At the same time as relational theory can be used to challenge the capabilities approach as articulated by Sen, it can also build on Sen by using insights from his more recent work in The Idea of Justice.


Assigned Readings:

Koggel, Christine. 2003. “Globalization and Women’s Paid Work: Expanding Freedom?”Feminist Economics. Special Issue: Amartya Sen’s Work and Ideas, 9 (2 and 3): 163-183.
Koggel 2003 Globalization womens work copy.pdf

Koggel, Christine. 2013. “Is the Capability Approach a Sufficient Challenge to Distributive Accounts of Global Justice?” Journal of Global Ethics, 9 (2): 145-157.
Koggel 2013 Capabilities and distributive justice.pdf


Additional Background Readings:

Campbell, Sue. 2014. Our Faithfulness to the Past. Chapter 7: “Remembering for the Future” (135-164). Oxford University Press.
Campbell 2014 Our Faithfulness ch7.pdf

Downie, Jocelyn and Jennifer Llewellyn, eds. 2012.  “Introduction.” In Being Relational: Reflections on Relational Theory and Health Law, eds. J. Downie and J. Llewellyn, 1-10. Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press.
Downie 2012 BeingRelational.pdf

Kabeer, Naila. 2004.  “Globalization, Labor Standards, and Women’s Rights” Feminist Economics, 10 (1): 3-35.
Kabeer 2004 Globalization Labor Womens Rights.pdf

Miller, Sarah Clark. 2010. “Cosmopolitan Care.” Ethics and Social Welfare 4 (2): 145–157.Miller 2010 Cosmopolitan Care.pdf

Mohanty, Chandra. 1997. “Women Workers and Capitalist Scripts: Ideologies of Domination, Common Interests, and the Politics of Solidarity.” In Feminist Genealogies, Colonial Legacies, Democratic Futures, ed. J. Alexander and C. Mohanty, 3-29. New York: Routledge.
Mohanty 1997 Women Workers Capitalist Scripts.pdf

Sen, Amartya. 2009. The Idea of Justice. “Introduction” (1-27). Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Sen 2009 Idea of Justice 1-27.pdf



Koggel Session Three: Empowerment and Implications for Gender

In this session, we will begin to distinguish the concept of empowerment from that of agency by turning to the literature on empowerment. The assigned readings draw out the relational aspects of empowerment, specifically, the idea that empowerment points to factors and conditions of power that are relevant to what may need to be done to empower people in specific contexts. In pointing to the relational features of power, the readings allow us to capture an account of empowerment that has implications for undermining power and empowering women. The additional background readings test this kind of account against some of the recent work on empowerment and on gender equality by the World Bank.


Assigned Readings:

Drydyk, Jay. 2013. “Empowerment, Agency, and Power” Journal of Global Ethics, 9 (no. 1): 249-262.
Drydyk 2010 Empowerment Agency Power.pdf

Koggel, Christine. 2013. “A Critical Analysis of Recent Work on Empowerment: Implications for Gender” Journal of Global Ethics, 9 (no. 3): 263-275.
Koggel 2013 Critical Empowerment.pdf


Additional Background Readings:

Allen, Amy. 1998. “Rethinking Power.” Hypatia 13.1 : 21-40.
Allen 1998 Rethinking power.pdf

Kabeer, Naila. 2012. “Empowerment, Citizenship, and Gender Justice: A Contribution to Locally Grounded Theories of Change in Women’s Lives.” Ethics and Social Welfare, 6 (no. 3): 216-232.
Kabeer 2012 Empowerment locally grounded.pdf

Penz, Peter, Jay Drydyk and Pablo Bose. 2011. Displacement by Development: Ethics, Rights and Responsibilities. Chapter 8: “Ethical Procedures” (187-209) and Chapter 12: “Starting Points and Future Directions” (288-304). Cambridge University Press.
PenzDrydykBose 20111 Displacement 8 and12.pdf

Petesch, Patti. 2012. “The Clash of Violent Conflict, Good Jobs, and Gender Norms in Four Economies.” Background Paper for the World Development Report 2013. Washington, DC: World Bank.

Petesch, Patti. 2012. “Unlocking Pathways to Women’s Empowerment and Gender Equality: The Good, The Bad, and the Sticky.” Ethics and Social Welfare.6 (no. 3): 233-246.
Petesch 2012 Unlocking Pathways copy.pdf

World Bank. 2011. World Development Report 2012: Gender Equality and Development. Chapter 2: “The Persistence of Gender Inequality” (72-97) and Chapter 4 “Promoting Women’s Agency” (150-192). Washington, DC: World Bank.




Koggel Session Four: Agency and Empowerment: Applications and Case Studies

In this session, we will discuss various attempts to measure empowerment and explore what this means for development ethics. By applying theory to real world examples, we will discuss two kinds of cases. The first contrasts what international bodies such as the World Bank do in theory and in practice with respect to measuring empowerment and what NGOs with the stated goal of empowering people do in theory and in practice.  The second uses insights from care ethics and relational theory more generally to expand accounts of agency and to challenge mainstream policies for removing gender inequalities and empowering women.


Assigned Readings:

Koggel, Christine. 2008. “Theory to Practice and Practice to Theory? Lessons from Local NGO Empowerment Projects in Indonesia.” In Global Feminist Ethics and Politics, ed. Sarah Clark Miller. Special issue, Southern Journal of Philosophy Volume 46: 111-130.
Koggel 2008 Theory to practice.pdf

Koggel, Christine. 2015. “Expanding Agency: Conceptual, Explanatory, and Normative Implications” (in progress, to be provided at institute; previous version “Removing Poverty by Removing Unfreedoms: Women’s Agency and Gender Inequalities” presented at the 10th International Development Ethics Association (IDEA) conference in Costa Rica, July 2014).
Forthcoming, following the reading packet

Additional Background Readings:

Gasper, Des and Irene van Staveren. 2003. “Development as Freedom – And as What Else? Feminist Economics, 9 (2/3)”: 137-161
Gasper VanStaveren 2003 Dev as Freedom and what else copy.pdf

Miller, Sarah Clark. 2012. The Ethics of Need: Agency, Dignity, and Obligation. New York: Routledge Press.

Narayan, Deepa. 2000. Voices of the Poor: Can Anyone Hear Us? Chapter 1: “Listening to the Voices of the Poor” (2-28). Washington, DC: World Bank.
Narayan 2000 Voices vol1 1-28.pdf
Full text:

Narayan, Deepa. (ed.) 2005.  Measuring Empowerment: Cross-Disciplinary Perspectives.Chapter 3: “Women’s Empowerment as a Variable in International Development” (71-102). Washington, DC: World Bank.




Session 1: Postcolonial Feminist Critiques of Western Discussions of Oppressive Cultural Practices

This session exposes participants to what postcolonial (and transnational) feminists see as the objectionable assumptions motivating development interventions designed to empower women. Among these are the idea that “other” women are oppressed by especially patriarchal cultures, the idea that “other” cultures cannot be sources of information about what constitutes women’s empowerment, the idea that contact with the West is necessarily a source of empowerment for women, and the idea that small scale intervention in the lives of “others” is the appropriate Western response to global deprivation.


Assigned Readings:

Narayan, Uma. Dislocating Cultures. Routledge, 1997. (Chapter 2, “Restoring History and Politics to Third-World Traditions”)
Narayan 1997 Dislocating 2.pdf

Amadiume, Ifi. Re-Inventing Africa.  Zed Books, 1997. (Chapter, “Cycles of Western Imperialism”)
Amadiume 1997 ReInventing Africa ch8.pdf

Carillo, Jo. “And When You Leave, Take Your Pictures With You” (poem), in Cherrie Moraga, Gloria Anzaldua and Toni Cade Bambara, eds. This Bridge Called My Back.Kitchen Table, 1984, 2/ed.

Carillo 1984 And when you leave.pdf


Further Readings:

Abu-Lughod, Lila. “Do Muslim Women Really Need Saving?”American Anthropologist 104 (3): 783-790.
AbuLughod 2002 Muslim Women Saving.pdf

Mohanty, Chandra Talpade. “Under Western Eyes” Feminist Review 30, 61–88 (1 November 1988)
Mohanty 1988 Under Western Eyes.pdf

Jaggar, Alison. “Saving Amina: Global Justice for Women and Intercultural Dialogue,”Ethics and International Affairs 19(3) (Fall): 85-105.
Jaggar 1993 Saving Amina.pdf

Charusheela, S. “Social Analysis and the Capability Approach,” Cambridge Journal of Economics 2008, 1 of 18 doi:10.1093/cje/ben027.
Charusheela 2008 Social Analysis and Capabilities.pdf



Khader Session 2: The Relationship Between Culture and Autonomy

This session explores the popular argument that women’s adherence to oppressive cultural norms manifests a lack of autonomy. The argument is popular in development discourse, and often employed as part of the argument that “others” were not really free to form their values. We consider readings that explicitly challenge the ideas that a) adherence to cultural norms manifests a lack of autonomy and b) that cultural belonging is an autonomy constraint.


Assigned Readings:

Narayan, Uma. 2002. Minds of their own: Choices, autonomy, cultural practices, and other women. A mind of one’s own: Feminist essays on reason and objectivity, ed. Louise M. Antony and Charlotte E. Witt, pp. 418–432. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.
Narayan 2002 Minds of their own.pdf

Philips, Ann. Multiculturalism without culture. Princeton, 2007. (“Autonomy Coercion and Constraint”, Chapter 4, 100-132).
Phillips 2007 Multiculturalism Autonomy Coercion Constraint.pdf

Khader, Serene. Adaptive Preferences and Women’s Empowerment. Oxford, 2011. (“Introduction: Adaptive Preferences and Global Justice”) pages 11-12 only
Khader 2011 Adaptive Preference Intro and Ch2.pdf



Further Readings:

Kymlicka, Will. “Liberalism and Communitarianism,” Canadian Journal of Philosophy, Vol. 18, No. 2 (Jun., 1988), pp. 181-203.
Kymlicka 1988 Liberalism and Communitarianism.pdf

Mahmood, Saba. Politics of Piety: The Islamic revival and the feminist subject. Princeton, 2011. (Chapter 4, “Positive Ethics and Ritual Conventions”)
Mahmood 2006 Politics of Piety Ch1 and 4.pdf

Ahmed, Leila. “Western Ethnocentrism and Perceptions of the Harem,” Feminist Studies.  Vol. 8, No. 3, Autumn, 1982.
Ahmed 1982 Western Ethnocentrism and Harem.pdf

Nnaemeka, Obioma. “Nego-Feminism: Theorizing, Practicing, and Pruning Africa’s Way,”Signs v.29, issue 2, 2003.
Nnaemka 2003 Nego-Feminism.pdf

Okin, Susan Moller. Is Multiculturalism Bad for Women? Princeton, 1999.(Chapter, “Is Multiculturalism Bad for Women?” 7-25)
Okin 1999 Multiculturalism.pdf

Ackerly, Brooke. Political Theory and Feminist Social Criticism. Cambridge, 2000. (Chapter 3, “Method: Skeptical Scrutiny, Guiding Criteria, and Deliberative Inquiry in Concert,” 73-120)
Ackerly 2000 Feminist Theory Ch3.pdf

Scott, Joan, The Politics of the Veil



Session 3: Adaptive Preferences and Autonomy

Here, we discuss what adaptive preferences are, whether the concept of adaptive preferences is useful, and whether it is coherent to understand adaptive preferences as autonomy deficits. I will begin by briefly discussing what philosophers think personal autonomy is, since uses of the term in development ethics are multiple and sometimes contradictory. My own view is that adaptive preferences cannot coherently be understood as procedural autonomy deficits, and that defining them as substantive autonomy deficits obscures what is morally at stake in practical uses of the concept. We also discuss what I take to be the most plausible version of the view that adaptive preferences are autonomy deficits, which is articulated in Natalie Stoljar’s classic article.


Assigned Readings:

Khader, Serene. Adaptive Preferences and Women’s Empowerment. Oxford, 2011. (“Introduction: Adaptive Preferences and Global Justice”)
Khader 2011 Adaptive Preference Intro and Ch2.pdf

Stoljar, Natalie. “Autonomy and the Feminist Intuition,” in Catriona Mackenzie and Natalie Stoljar, Relational Autonomy. Oxford, 2000. 94-110.
Stoljar 2000 Autonomy and Feminist Intuition.pdf


Further Readings:

Harriet Baber, “Adaptive Preference,” Social Theory and Practice, 33.1
Baber 2007 Adaptive Preferences.pdf

Friedman, Marilyn. Autonomy, Gender, Politics. Oxford, 2003.

Nussbaum, Martha. “Adaptive Preferences and Women’s Options,” in Women and Human Development. Cambridge, 2000.
Nussbaum 2000 Women HD Ch2.pdf

Benson, Paul. “Feminist Intuitions and the Normative Substance of Autonomy,” in James Stacey Taylor, ed. Personal Autonomy. Cambridge, 2005
Benson 2005 Feminist Intuitions.pdf

Khader, Serene “Must Theorizing About Adaptive Preferences Deny Women’s Agency?”Journal of Applied Philosophy 29.4 2012.
Khader 2012 Must theorising about APs.pdf

Alkire, Sabina “Subjective Quantitative Studies of Human Agency” Social Indicators Research, October 2005, Volume 74, Issue 1, pp 217-260
Alkire 2005 Subjective Qualitative Indicators.pdf

Khader, Serene. “Beyond Autonomy Fetishism,” unpublished manuscript 2015.
Khader 2015 Beyond Autonomy Fetishism.pdf


Khader Session 4: Autonomy, Empowerment, and Structural Change-The Case of Microcredit

This session directly confronts a conflict that is often glossed over in the literature on women’s empowerment: the idea that increasing women’s ability to access welfare may not be the same thing as decreasing their patriarchal oppression. We look at a place in which decreases in patriarchal adherence and increases in welfare seem to diverge—microcredit and Bangladesh. Along the way, we will discuss ways in which imprecise conceptions of agency and self-esteem make it difficult to diagnose this divergence.


Assigned Readings:

Kabeer, N. (1998) ‘Money can’t buy me love? Re-evaluating gender, credit and empowerment in rural Bangladesh’ IDS Discussion Paper 363 Brighton: Institute of Development Studies

Khader, Serene. “Empowerment Through Self-Subordination?” in Diana Tietjens Meyers, ed. Poverty, Agency, and Human Rights, edited by Diana Meyers, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Khader 2014 Empowerment through self subordination copy.pdf


Further Readings:

Cornwall, Andrea. “Of Choice, Chance, and Contingency” Social Anthropology/Anthropologie Sociale (2007) 15, 1 27–46.
Cornwall 2007 Choice Chance Contingency.pdf

Khader, Serene. Adaptive Preferences and Women’s Empowerment. Oxford, 2011. (“Introduction: Adaptive Preferences and Global Justice”)
Khader 2011 Adaptive Preference Intro and Ch2.pdf

Mayoux, Linda. “Not Only Reaching But Also Empowering Women”, ADA Dialouge, no. 37, May 2007. http://www.ada-microfinance.org/fr/ressources
Mayoux 2007 Microfinance dialogue issue.pdf

Longwe, Sara Hlupekile. “Toward Realistic Strategies for Women’s Political Empowerment in Africa,” Gender and Development, 8:3, 2000, 24-30.
Longwe 2000 Realistic Strategies.pdf




BINA AGARWAL: Gender Inequality: Property, Environment, Food Security


Note: A Public lecture is also planned for afternoon of July 6th. Details forthcoming.


Presentation 1: Re-conceptualizing the family and gender relations, within and outside the household

Inequalities within the family often lie at the heart of gender relations both within and outside the household. Conventional social science theory and policy are based on a range of assumptions about how family members interact, take decisions, and share resources; the motivations that guide their actions; and the likely outcomes for their welfare and productivity. These assumptions, as they impinge on gender relations, are often fallacious, and reinforce existing male privilege. The continued dominance of the unitary household model in public policy also contributes to the persistence of gender inequality.

This session will provides a critique of the ‘unitary’ household model and outline alternative models embodying the bargaining approach for analysing gender relations. It will also examine what factors (especially qualitative ones) affect bargaining power. What is the role of property ownership and of social norms and social perceptions in the bargaining process, and how might these factors themselves be bargained over? Are women less motivated than men by self-interest, and would this affect bargaining outcomes? The session will also extend the bargaining approach beyond the household to examine how women’s bargaining power is determined interactively in the interlinked arenas of the family, the market, the community, and the State.


Assigned readings

Agarwal, B. 1997. “Bargaining and Gender Relations: Within and Beyond the Household”,Feminist Economics, 3(1): 1-51.
Agarwal 1997 Bargaining and Gender Relations.pdf

Agarwal, B. and Panda, P. 2007. “Toward Freedom from Domestic Violence: The Neglected Obvious”, Journal of Human Development, 8(3): 359-88.
Agarwal Panda 2007 Towards freedom from domestic violence.pdf

Haddad, L. J. Hoddinott and H. Alderman (eds.) 1997. Intrahousehold Resource Allocation in Developing Countries: Models, Methods, and Policy (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press),see the overview (1-16).
Haddad 1997 Intrahousehold Resource Allocation Introduction.pdf  
see pp. 1-16



Further readings

Haddad, L. J. Hoddinott and H. Alderman (eds.) 1997. Intrahousehold Resource Allocation in Developing Countries: Models, Methods, and Policy (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press), various papers.



Agarwal Presentation 2: July 8.  Gender and property

This session will focus on gender inequalities in command over property. In discussions on women’s economic empowerment there has been a preoccupation with employment and micro-credit, to the neglect of what is a key source of individual and global inequality: the ownership and control over property. In most developing countries, arable land remains the single most important form of property. How does gender inequality in property, especially in immovable property such as land, have on the goals of reducing poverty, increasing agricultural productivity and food security, and empowering women? What is the scale of this inequality? Do we have the data to measure it? What underlies such inequality: Laws? Social norms? Administrative biases? In particular, why is there a gap between women’s legal rights and their actual ownership, and between ownership and control? How can existing obstacles be overcome?


Assigned readings

Agarwal, B. 1994. “Gender and Command over Property: A Critical Gap in Economic Analysis and Policy in South Asia”, 22 (10): 1455-1478.
Agarwal 1994 Gender and Command over Property.pdf

Deere, C. D. and C. Doss. 2006. “The Gender Asset Gap: What do we know and why does it matter?” Feminist Economics, 12 (1&2), pp.1-50
Deere Doss 2006 Gender Asset Gap.pdf


Further readings


Deere, C. D. and M. de Leon. 2003. ‘The Gender Asset Gap: Land in Latin America’,World Development, 31(6): 925-47
Deer deLeon 2003 Asset Gap: Land in Latin America.pdf


Doss, C. 2006. ‘The Effects of Intra-household Property Ownership on Expenditure Patterns in Ghana,’ Journal of African Economies, 15(1): 149-180.
Doss 2005 Intrahousehold Property Ownership Ghana.pdf

Warren, T. 2006. ‘Moving Beyond the Gender Wealth Gap: On Gender, Class, Ethnicity, and Wealth Inequalities in the United Kingdom’, Feminist Economics, 12 (1-2): 195-219.
Warren 2006 Beyond Gender Wealth Gap.pdf

Agarwal, B. 2003. “Gender and Land Rights Revisited: Exploring New Prospects via the State, Family and Market”, Journal of Agrarian Change, 3 (1&2): 184-224.
Agarwal 2003 Gender and Land Rights Revisited.pdf

Quisumbing, A. and K. Hallman. 2003. ‘Marriage in Transition: Evidence on Age, Education and Assets from Six Developing Countries’, Working Paper 183. New York: Policy Research Division, Population Council.
Quisumbing Hallman 2003 Marriage in Transition 183.pdf



Agarwal, B. 1994. A Field of One’s Own: Gender and Land Rights in South Asia(Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).

Basu, S. 1999. She Comes to Take Her Rights: Indian Women, Property and Propriety(Albany: State University of New York Press).

Chang Mariko Lin. 2012 Shortchanged: Why Women Have Less Wealth and What Can Be Done About It. (New York: Oxford University Press).

Keister, L.A. 2000. Wealth in America: Trends in Wealth Inequality. (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).



Agarwal Presentation 3: July 8: Gender, agricultural livelihoods and food security

This session will examine the nature of the 2007 food crisis and continuing issue of food insecurity. It will also discuss the projected effect of climate change on food availability in developing countries; the vulnerabilities created by regional concentrations of food production, imports, and exports; and the significant role of women as food producers, consumers, and family food managers. What factors constrain women farmers?  Are there institutional alternatives to individual family farms? Would group farming with resource pooling be more effective than individual family farms in helping women and other smallholders to enhance their access to land and inputs, enjoy economies of scale, and increase their bargaining power? What role are social movements, such as the food sovereignty movement, playing in this regard?


Assigned readings

Agarwal, Bina. 2015. “Food Security, Productivity and Gender Inequality”, in R. Herring (ed): Handbook of Food, Politics and Society (New York: Oxford University Press).
Agarwal 2015 Food_Security_Productivity_and_Gender_Inequality_OUPonline.pdf

Quisumbing, A. and 6 others. 2008. “Helping Women Respond to Global Food Prices”, Report, IFPRI, Washington DC.
Quisumbing 2008 Women Global Food Prices IFPRI.pdf


Further readings

Agarwal, B. 2014. “Food sovereignty, Food Security and Democratic Choice: Critical Contradictions, Difficult Conciliations”, Journal of Peasant Studies, January 2014,http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/03066150.2013.876996
Agarwal 2014 Food Security and Inequality.pdf



Agarwal Presentation 4: Gender, environment, and governance

Do men and women relate differently to the natural environment? If so, in what ways and why? What implications does this have on who bears the costs of environmental degradation, who benefits from regeneration, and how natural resources should be governed. This session will first provide a critique of ecofeminism and discuss alternative theoretical formulations such as, ‘feminist environmentalism’ and ‘feminist political ecology’. It will provide a conceptual framework for understanding gendered differences and responses to environmental change. It will also examine how women’s participation in community institutions of environmental governance could make a notable difference to conservation outcomes. Illustrative examples will be drawn especially from forestry in South Asia.


Assigned readings

Agarwal, B. 2010/2013.  “Gendered Interests and the Environment”, Chapter 2 in Gender and Green Governance (Oxford: Oxford University Press)
Agarwal 2010 Gender and Green Governance ch2.pdf

Agarwal, Bina. 2009. “Gender and Forest Conservation: The Impact of Women’s Participation in Community Forest Governance”, Ecological Economics, Vol. 68, pp. 2785–2799.
Agarwal 2009 Gender and Forest conservation.pdf



Further readings

Agarwal, B. 1992. “The Gender and Environment Debate: Lessons from India” Feminist Studies, 18(1): 119-158.
Agarwal 1992 Genderand Environment debate.pdf

Rocheleau, D. B. Thomas-Slayter, E. Wangari (eds). 2013. Feminist Political Ecology: Global Issues and Local Experience (New York: Routledge).

Li, Huey-li (1993): “A Cross-cultural Critique of Ecofeminism”, in G. Gaard (ed),Ecofeminism: Women, Animals, Nature (Philadelphia: Temple University Press), pp. 272-94
HueyLi Li 1993 Cross cultural examination of ecofeminism.pdf

Nanda, M., 1991, `Is Modern Science a Western, Patriarchal Myth? A Critique of the Populist Orthodoxy’, South Asia Bulletin, 11 (1 and 2): 32-60.
Nanda 1991 Is Science Patriarchal.pdf

Warren, K.J. and J. Cheney (1991): “Ecological Feminism and Ecosystem Ecology”,Hypatia, 6 (1): 179-197.
Warren Cheney 1991 Ecological Feminism Ecosystems.pdf

Humphries, J. 1990. “Enclosures, Common Rights, and Women: The Proletarianization of Families in the Late Eighteenth and early Nineteenth Centuries.” The Journal of Economic History. 50.1 March 1990 17-42
Humphries 1990 Enclosures and Women.pdf

Agarwal, B.  2001. ‘’Participatory Exclusions, Community Forestry and Gender: An Analysis and Conceptual Framework”, World Development, 29 (10): 1623-48, 2001.
Agarwal 2001 Participatory Exclusions Forestry Gender.pdf

Larson, A.M. 2012. Tenure Rights and Access to Forests: A Training ManualPart I: A Guide to Key Issues (Bogor, Indonesia: Center for International Forestry Research).


Paul Thompson

Paul Thompson holds the W.K. Kellogg Chair in Agricultural Food and Community Ethics at Michigan State University. Thompson’s work on biotechnology has appeared in numerous technical journals and has also published extensively on the environmental and social significance of agriculture. He serves on the Science and Industry Advisory Committee for Genome Canada.



Thompson, Paul. From Field to Fork: Food ethics for everyone. Oxford, 2015. (Ch. 4 “The fundamental problem of food ethics.”)
Thompson 2015 Ch 4 Field to fork.pdf


Further Reading:

Thompson, Paul. “Food Aid and the Famine Relief Argument (Brief Return.” J Agric Environ Ethics (2010) 23:209–227
Thompson 2010 Famine.pdf.






HENRY SHUE: Climate ethics


Presentation 1            The State of the Climate of Planet Earth

A. The Concept of the Cumulative Carbon Budget

Ocean geochemist Wallace S. Broecker famously said, “The climate system is an angry beast and we are poking it with sticks”.  The atmospheric physicists in 2009 formulated a less melodramatic metaphor of a nevertheless relentless climate system that has its own dynamics: the cumulative carbon budget.  For an amount of rise (beyond the pre-Industrial Revolution average global surface temperature, which had been largely constant for the 10,000 years of human agriculture) in the current average global temperature no greater than a chosen amount (say, no more than 2° C), and for any chosen probability (say, better than 50/50), there is a cumulative carbon budget, that is, a total accumulation in the atmosphere of carbon dioxide (measured by its carbon content).  Exceed that cumulative carbon budget, and the earth will probably exceed that temperature.  To see quickly what this means, go to: www.trillionthtonne.org


1. David J. Frame, Adrian H. Macey and Myles R. Allen, “Cumulative emissions and climate policy,” Nature Geoscience, 7:1-2 (published online: 21 September 2014).   doi:10.1038/ngeo2254.  Clear and accessible account of the concept and its usefulness
Frame 2014 Cumulative emissions and policy.pdf

2. Myles Allen, David Frame, Katja Frieler, et al., “The Exit Strategy,” Nature Reports Climate Change, 3:56-58 (published online: 30 April 2009).  doi:10.1038/climate.2009.38.
Allen 2009 Exit Strategy.pdf

The original not-so-clear and not-so-accessible explanation of the basis for the cumulative carbon budget.  Since this is the seminal (and a short) account, it is nevertheless worth struggling through it.  One main source of difficulty is that they want to show that two 2009 studies converged on the same conclusion [Reference 4 and Reference 5 are the actual research reports, and these articles are highly technical – industrial-strength climate science], but the two studies used different time-frames, which you would think would matter.  Allen et al. [Reference 5] looked at emissions through 2500, while Meinshausen et al. [Reference 4] looked at emissions only through 2050.  However, what they converged upon was that humans can add no more than 1 trillion tons of carbon to the atmosphere, starting from the beginning of the Industrial Revolution [stipulatively, 1850] before it becomes more likely than not [more than 50/50] that average global surface temperature will rise by more than 2° C beyond pre-Industrial Revolution temperatures.  And it turns out that we will reach the ‘trillionth ton’ of cumulative carbon in less than – now – 25 years (They said less than 40 years in 2009.).  For any other amount of temperature rise – 3° C, 4° C, 5° C – there is similarly a roughly specifiable cumulative carbon budget (of, obviously, more than a trillion tons of carbon).  This makes the carbon budget extremely useful for setting policy about emissions, as Frame, Macey and Allen point out (and as you can see in the suggested electronic readings from the United Nations Environment Program (Emissions Gap) and the World Bank (Turn Down the Heat, I – III).


Irritating complications:

I have survived while knowing embarrassingly little science (or math), but there are a few things that one must get straight.  (If I can understand it, you can.)

1) ‘C’ can mean either carbon or Centigrade, although which is usually obvious: “a limit of 1Tt C for a 2° C rise” obviously means an accumulation of one trillion tons of carbon in the atmosphere makes it more likely than not that surface temperature will rise more than two degrees Centigrade.

2) Some people have become understandably enamoured of “1 trillion tons” (since it is such a nifty and memorable round number = 1000 Gigatons.  1 Gt = 1 billion tons [why not just say “1 billion”? – beats me!, except that when fully written out, it eliminates all the zeros), but unfortunately carbon dioxide is sometimes measured directly as tons of CO2[carbon dioxide] and sometimes measured by its constituent amount of C [carbon].  So always pay sharp attention to whether numbers of tons are of C or CO2.  Thus Allen, Frame, Frieler, et al. find that cumulative anthropogenic emissions after 1850 must not exceed 1 Tt C (with more than half already emitted by 2009 – 587 Gt by January 17, 2015 [see www.trillionthtonne.org]), while McGlade and Ekins [below], for example, refer to the IPCC’s finding that “the carbon budget between 2011 and 2050 is around 870-1,240 Gt CO2” [187, right col.].  The former are measuring C from 1850; the latter are measuring CO2 from 2011.  The numbers are perfectly consistent with each other (and the IPCC draws on Allen, Frame, Frieler, et al.).

1t C = 3.67t  CO2  [atomic weight of carbon is 12 & atomic weight of carbon dioxide is 44, because each of the two oxygen atoms weighs 16.  12+16+16=44.  44/12 = 11/3 = 3.67.  11 tons of CO2 equals 3 tons of carbon, and a price of $30 per ton of carbon dioxide equals a price of $110 per ton of carbon]

Then there is CO2e, which measures other greenhouse gases by how the extent to which they ‘force’ climate [push it to change] relates to the extent to which CO2 itself forces climate.  A group of gases that is 500t CO2e has the same climate effect as 500t of CO2(unfortunately such comparisons must assume a time-period, e.g. forcing over 100 years, and since CO2 stays in the atmosphere by far the longest time [thousands of years], there is a tendency for measures of CO2e to overstate greatly the forcing of other gases compared to CO2 by assuming relatively short-time periods (like a century) for comparison).


3. www.trillionthtonne.org [constantly calculated by computer at Department of Physics, University of Oxford] – great teaching tool.


B. The Concept of ‘Unburnable’ Carbon

If one accepts the atmospheric physicists’ calculations of the cumulative carbon budgets for various temperature rises, one can then look at the “proven reserves” claimed by the coal companies, oil companies, and gas companies (not that these are all different – ExxonMobil is the largest producer of gas in the U.S., although it is usually described as an oil company).  The shock is that the carbon content – the amount of  CO2 their combustion would produce – of the proven reserves already confirmed far, far exceed the carbon budget for a 2° C rise (and 3° and 4° and 5°).  Some responsible sources say proven reserves contain five times the amount of carbon that could be released so that 80% is unburnable (for a rise of no more than 2° C).  McGlade and Ekins are more conservative except for coal, where they confirm 80% unburnable [hence, the famous ‘war on coal’].  The concept of ‘unburnable carbon’ was coined by the Carbon Tracker Initiative in London once the physicists had coined ‘cumulative carbon budget’.  (Read the wholeUnburnable Carbon report when you get a chance – good graphics.)


1. Carbon Tracker Initiative and Grantham Research Institute, Unburnable Carbon 2013: Wasted Capital and Stranded Assets (London: CTI, 2013), 3-5, 9-11, and 14-15. Good graphics – if print, print in color.
Carbon Tracker 2013 Grantham Institute.pdf

2. Christopher McGlade and Paul Ekins, “The geographical distribution of fossil fuels unused when limiting global warming to 2° C,” Nature, 517 [8 January 2015], 187-190 [+ “Methods”]. DOI:10.1038/nature14016
McGlade 2015 2 degrees C.pdf

The distinction between ‘resources’ and ‘reserves’ [a sub-set of resources] in first para. of p. 188 is needed to make sense of Figure 1 on p. 187, but otherwise p. 188 can be ignored (except that – bottom of left col., 188 – ‘CCS’ is Carbon Capture and Storage, which is needed for Table 1 on p 189, which is important).  Normative assumption of article: least cost first (Use cheapest fossil fuels first) – typical economists’ assumption.


C. The Long View

How radical the changes we are making now is best seen against the background of previous geological ages.  But how do we know, for example, how much CO2 was in the atmosphere during the last great Ice Age?  Alley (Penn State) is ‘Mr. Ice Core’ (but writes far better than most philosophers) and explains wittily and with delightful metaphors how the ice samples from deep in the Greenland ice record such things.  Archer [Chicago] does something similar for the oceans but is more forward-looking (and Volk [NYU] – under Recommended – explains the global carbon cycle by following the ‘life’ of a molecule of CO2 from a glass of beer, ‘whom’ he names Dave in honor of Dave Keeling, who developed the Keeling Curve, the fundamental measure of CO2 that tells us there are now around 400 ppm in the atmosphere).  All three are superb teaching tools for explaining how we know a lot of this stuff empirically, i.e. separately from the computer model projections that the atmospheric physicists use, which of course rely on this kind of data.  Item 3 looks forward, not backward, on the basis of the tragic discovery in June 2014 that the West Antarctic Ice Sheet is now irreversibly melting – one crucial threshold crossed before we knew it!

1. Richard B. Alley, The Two-Mile Time Machine (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2000), 3-13. Wonderful book for teaching – accessible, charming, engaging – all about ice.
Alley 2000 TwoMile Time Machine Introduction.pdf

2. David Archer, The Long Thaw: How Humans Are Changing the Next 100,000 Years of Earth’s Climate (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2009), 91-98.  Similarly good – all about oceans.
Archer 2009 LongThaw 91to98.pdf

3. a. Thomas Sumner, “No Stopping the Collapse of West Antarctic Ice Sheet.” Science344 (2014): 683.  doi:10.1126/science.344.6185.683.  Gives the significance of item (b) and a converging study [E. Rignot, J. Mouginot, M. Morlighem, H. Seroussi, and B. Scheuchl, “Widespread, rapid grounding line retreat of Pine Island, Thwaites, Smith, and Kohler glaciers, West Antarctica, from 1992 to 2011,” Geophys. Res. Lett., 41 (2014), 3502–3509, doi:10.1002/2014GL060140].
Sumner 2014 Collapse.pdf

b. Ian Joughin, Benjamin E. Smith, and Brooke Medley, “Marine Ice Sheet Collapse Potentially Under Way for the Thwaites Glacier Basin, West Antarctica.” Science 344 (2014): 735-738, doi:10.1126/science.1249055.  Hard core science, but get what you can from it (short) – monumentally important for millions of coastal dwellers.
Joughin 2014 Thwaites.pdf


D. Emissions

Which nations have done, and are doing, most of the emitting.  Müller, et al.; the companion piece by Ellermann, et al.; and Day 3 discuss the ethical significance of this information.  WRI has tons of valuable information, usually explained graphically, on its website.

Mengpin Ge, Johannes Friedrich, and Thomas Damassa, “6 Graphs Explain the World’s Top 10 Emitters,” World Resources Institute, Climate Insights Blog (25 November 2014)http://www.wri.org/blog/2014/11/6-graphs-explain-world%E2%80%99s-top-10-emitters
Mengpin 2014 Emitters.pdf

Benito Müller, Niklas Höhne, and Christian Ellermann. ‘Differentiating (Historic) Responsibilities for Climate Change’, Climate Policy, 9 (2009), 593-611.
Muller et al 2009 Differentiating responsibilities for climate change.pdf

 OR: Christian Ellermann, Niklas Höhne, and Benito Müller. ‘Differentiating Historical Responsibilities for Climate Change’, in Paul G. Harris (ed.), China’s Responsibility for Climate ChangeEthics, Fairness and Environmental Policy (Bristol: Policy Press, 2011), 71-98.
Ellerman 2009 Responsibility Climate.pdf

The latter is obviously more recent but less readily in libraries; the article in Climate Policy, however, has a more sophisticated discussion of causal responsibility vs moral responsibility and is therefore generally preferable for teaching – I discuss both of these in “Transboundary Damage in Climate Change” [Recommended for Day 3], which is online.

For more detail, see World Resources Institute, CAIT 2.0;http://cait2.wri.org/wri/Country GHG Emissions?indicator%5B%5D=Total GHG Emissions Excluding Land-Use Change and Forestry&indicator%5B%5D=Total GHG Emissions Including Land-Use Change and Forestry&year%5B%5D=2011&chartType=geo



Recommended further reading regarding presentation one:

A. Books

Richard B. Alley, The Two-Mile Time Machine (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2000).

David Archer, The Long Thaw: How Humans Are Changing the Next 100,000 Years of Earth’s Climate (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2009).  A little harder going than Alley & Volk, but still very good.

Gale E. Christianson, Greenhouse: The 200-Year Story of Global Warming (New York: Penguin Books, 1999).  Written when Christianson was not yet convinced that climate change is anthropogenic, which makes it all the more compelling.

Vaclav Smil, Energy Transitions: History, Requirements, Prospects (Santa Barbara, Cal.: Praeger, 2010).  What an energy transition has looked like in the past.

Tyler Volk, CO2 Rising: The World’s Greatest Environmental Challenge (Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 2008.  Delightful account of the carbon cycle that slips in a lot of science.

Daniel Yergin, The Prize: The Epic Quest for Oil, Money, and Power (New York: Touchstone, 1992).  Political context.


B. Electronic [for reference, not for reading from beginning to end]

ExxonMobil, The Outlook for Energy: A View to 2040.  Business-as-usual as if there is no carbon budgethttp://corporate.exxonmobil.com/en/energy/energy-outlook

Oil Change International, Subsidizing Unburnable Carbon: Taxpayer Support for Fossil Fuel Exploration in G7 Nations (2014).  Astonishing levels of public subsides for finding even more fossil fuel – subsidies are politically untouchable so far [political corruption perhaps?]. http://priceofoil.org/content/uploads/2014/08/G7_exploration_subsidies.pdf

Risky Business Project, Risky Business: The Economic Risks of Climate Change in the United States (2014).  Report by lots of well-informed establishment figures (Mayor Bloomberg, Secretary Paulson, Tom Steyer).  http://riskybusiness.org/

Science and Environmental Health Network and International Human Rights Clinic at Harvard Law School, Models for Protecting the Environment for Future Generations(2008).  http://hrp.law.harvard.edu/wp-content/uploads/2013/02/Models_Future_Generations.pdf

T. Stocker, D. Qin, G-K Plattner, et al., Climate Change 2013The Physical Science Basis.Contribution of Working Group I to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2013).  Hard-going for non-scientists, except for the Summary for Policymakers.http://www.climatechange2013.org/images/report/WG1AR5_ALL_FINAL.pdf

Especially      (1) “Summary for Policymakers” [29 pp.]http://www.climatechange2013.org/images/report/WG1AR5_SPM_FINAL.pdf
                        (2) Philippe Ciais, Christopher Sabine, Govindasamy Bala, et al., “Carbon and Other Biogeochemical Cycles,” 472-473 [atmospheric residence times of CO2].
(3) Matthew Collins, Reto Knutti, Julie Arblaster, et al., “Long-term Climate Change: Projections, Commitments and Irreversibility,”1033 and 1107-1109 [cumulative carbon budget].

United Nations Environment Program, Emissions Gap: A UNEP Synthesis, 5th ed. (2014).  http://www.unep.org/publications/ebooks/emissionsgapreport2014/portals/50268/pdf/EGR2014_LOWRES.pdf.  Like the World Bank reports below, this is much more accessible than the hard science and draws out its implications – good graphics.  For intelligent laypersons.  Executive Summary:
UN 2014 Emissions Summary.pdf

United States, Global Change Research Program, Climate Change Impacts in the United States: National Climate Assessment 2014. (Washington: Government Printing Office, 2014).  http://nca2014.globalchange.gov/

World Bank, Turn Down the Heat, 3 volumes [2012, 2013, and 2014].   Excellent overall views – far more accessible than IPCC reports.  For intelligent laypersons.  All were done for World Bank by Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (Berlin), the world’s leading think-tank on climate change, so are very solid.http://www.worldbank.org/en/topic/climatechange/publication/turn-down-the-heat



Shue Day 2                 Can the Energy Transition Be Combined with Sustainable Development?

Henry Shue, “Climate Hope: Implementing the Exit Strategy,” Chicago Journal of International Law, 13:2 (Winter 2013), 381-402; rpt. in Henry Shue, Climate Justice: Vulnerability and Protection (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014), 319-339.
Shue 2014 Climate Hope.pdf

Will Steffen, Wendy Broadgate, Lisa Deutsch, et al., “The Trajectory of the Anthropocene: The Great Acceleration,” Anthropocene Review (2015), 1-18, especially Figures 1-3.  doi:10.1177/2053019614564785.
Steffen 2015 Great Acceleration.pdf

Recommended Further Reading

Paul Baer, “Greenhouse Development Rights: A Framework for Climate Protection That is ‘More Fair’ Than Equal Per capita Emissions Rights,” in Stephen M. Gardiner, Simon Caney, Dale Jamieson, and Henry Shue (eds.), Climate Ethics: Essential Readings (New York: Oxford University Press, 2010), 215-230.
Baer 2010 Greenhouse Development.pdf

Tariq Banuri and Niclas Hällström, “A Global Programme to Tackle Energy Access and Climate Change,” Development Dialogue, 61 (September 2012), 264-279.  Concrete global plan to achieve the kind of transition advocated in “Climate Hope”.   [better than the one cited therein] http://www.dhf.uu.se/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2012/10/dd61_art18.pdf

Darrel Moellendorf, The Moral Challenge of Dangerous Climate Change: Values, Policy, and Policy (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2014).

Lavanya Rajamani, “The Changing Fortunes of Differential Treatment in the Evolution of International Environmental Law,” International Affairs, 88 (2012), 605-623.
Rajamani 2012 Changing Fortunes.pdf

Sustainable Development Solutions Network and Institute for Sustainable Development and International Relations, Pathways to Deep Decarbonization: 2014 Report.  For reference, not reading.   http://unsdsn.org/what-we-do/deep-decarbonization-pathways/



Shue Day 3     How Should the Burdens of Climate Change Be Distributed Internationally?

Henry Shue, “Historical Responsibility, Harm Prohibition, and Preservation Requirement: Core Practical Convergence on Climate Change,” Moral Philosophy and Politics, 2014.  doi: 10.1515/mopp-2013-0009.
Shue 2014 Historical Responsibility.pdf

Simon Caney, “Two Kinds of Climate Justice: Avoiding Harm and Sharing Burdens,”Journal of Political Philosophy, 22 (2014), 125-149.  doi:10.1111/jopp12030.
Caney 2014 Two Kinds.pdf


Recommended Further Reading

Tom Athanasiou, Sivan Kartha, and Paul Baer, National Fair Shares: The Mitigation Gap – Domestic Action and International Support, A Climate Equity Reference Project Report.  EcoEquity and Stockholm Environment Institute, 12 November 2014. http://www.ecoequity.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/11/National-fair-shares.pdf

Simon Caney, “Just Emissions,” Philosophy & Public Affairs, 40 (2012), 255-300.
Caney 2012 Just Emissions.pdf

Henry Shue, “Transboundary Damage in Climate Change: Criteria for Allocating Responsibility,” SHARES Research Paper 45 (2014).  Forthcoming in André Nollkaemper & Dov Jacobs (eds.), Distribution of Responsibilities in International Law (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2015). Direct linkhttp://www.sharesproject.nl/wp-content/uploads/2014/06/SHARES-RP-45-final.pdf.
Shue 2014 Transboundary.pdf



Shue Day 4                 How Should the Burdens of Climate Change Be Distributed Intergenerationally?

Henry Shue, “Distant Strangers and the Illusion of Separation: Climate, Development, and Disaster,” draft.
Shue 2015 Distant Strangers.pdf

Henry Shue, “Deadly Delays, Saving Opportunities: Creating A More Dangerous World,” in Stephen M. Gardiner, Simon Caney, Dale Jamieson, and Henry Shue (eds.), Climate Ethics: Essential Readings (New York: Oxford University Press, 2010), 146-162; rpt. in Henry Shue, Climate Justice: Vulnerability and Protection (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014), 263-286.
Shue 2014 Deadly Delays


Recommended Further Reading

Stephen M. Gardiner, A Perfect Moral Storm: The Ethical Tragedy of Climate Change (New York: Oxford University Press, 2011), 32-41 and 143-209.
Gardiner 2011 Perfect Moral Storm.pdf

Dale Jamieson, Reason in a Dark Time: Why the Struggle Against Climate Change Failed–and What It Means for Our Future (New York: Oxford University Press, 2014), 144-182.
Jamieson 2014 Reason in a dark time 144-82.pdf

Matthew Rendall, “Climate Change and the Threat of Disaster: The Moral Case for Taking Out Insurance at Our Grandchildren’s Expense,” Political Studies, 59:4 (2011), 884-899.  doi:10.1111/j.1467-9248.2010.00877.x
Rendall 2011 Climate Threat and Grandchildren.pdf

Henry Shue, “Responsibility to Future Generations and the Technological Transition,” inClimate Justice: Vulnerability and Protection (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014), 225-243.
Shue 2014 Future Generations.pdf



ASUNCION ST CLAIR   Climate change: Rights and Institutions:

Asuncion Lera St.Clair


Asuncion Lera St. Clair, philosopher and sociologist, is Senior Principal Scientist in the Climate change Program of DNV GL Strategic Research & innovation. She was Research Director for Climate and Development at the International Centre for Climate and Environmental Research-Oslo (CICERO) and Associated Senior Researcher at the Chr. Michelsens Institute and former professor of sociology at the University of Bergen.  St. Clair is also Lead Author of the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and co-author chapter 1 (“Point of Departure”) of the Working Group II Report on Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability. She is President of the International Development Ethics Association (IDEA) and member of the editorial boards of various international journals. Her research interests are focused on ethical issues related to poverty and development, with a focus on the key challenges posed by climate change


Contribution to the institute:

My contributions to the summer institute are centered on a central question: How can the field of development ethics help in guiding the transition to an equitable, sustainable, low-carbon future in the context of climate change?  Social transformation in the light of climate change impacts, specially the impacts in low income economies, is a major challenge. Climate may bring increased poverty, perpetuate existing inequalities, and roll back human development achievements.  At the same time, climate change calls for new models of development.   Development ethics has accumulated lessons that have direct importance for framing and guiding policy actions for a new model of progress and for guiding development work. The session will also introduce students to the IPCC and the results from the Fifth Assessment Report, in particular regarding impacts, adaptation and mitigation synergies, and vulnerabilities.


St.Clair Session 1 – Introducing the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Fifth Assessment Report (IPCC AR5)

This session introduces the work of the most recent report of the IPCC. The lecture presents the structure and ways of working of IPCC as well as the most relevant findings of working group 2 on impacts, adaptation and vulnerability. The lecture will also introduce some key findings from the working group 3 on mitigation. The main objective of this introductory session is to familiarize participants with data and findings from the assessments relevant to later discussions on global justice, rights and institutions.


Assigned Reading

IPCC WG2 2014 Summary.loc IPCC, 2014: Summary for policymakers. Climate Change 2014: Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability. Part A: Global and Sectoral Aspects. Contribution of Working Group II to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Field, C.B., V.R. Barros, D.J. Dokken, K.J. Mach, M.D. Mastrandrea, T.E. Bilir, M. Chatterjee, K.L. Ebi, Y.O. Estrada, R.C. Genova, B. Girma, E.S. Kissel, A.N. Levy, S. MacCracken, P.R. Mastrandrea, and L.L.White (eds.)]. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and NewYork, NY, USA, pp. 1-32.

IPCC WG3 2014 Summary.loc IPCC, 2014: Summary for Policymakers. Climate Change 2014: Mitigation of Climate Change. Contribution of Working Group III to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Edenhofer, O., R. Pichs-Madruga, Y. Sokona, E. Farahani, S. Kadner, K. Seyboth, A. Adler, I. Baum, S. Brunner, P. Eickemeier, B. Kriemann, J. Savolainen, S. Schlömer, C. von Stechow, T. Zwickel and J.C. Minx (eds.)]. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA.


St.Clair Session 2 – Unpacking the framings and normative underpinnings of IPCC AR5 WGs 2 and 3.

This lecture introduces students to a more in depth analysis of climate change discourse, dominant framings and epistemic and normative assumptions. It discusses the politics of  climate change, the risks of trade offs that are likely between adaptation, mitigation and sustainable development. The lecture presents the concept of maladaptation and the links between climate change and development.


Assigned Reading

O’Brien, K. St. Clair, A.L. and Kristoffersen. 2010 “The Framing of Climate Change: Why it Matters,” in Climate change, Ethics and Human Security, Cambridge University Press. O’Brien K., A. L. St. Clair, B. Kristoffersen (eds.) 
OBrien StClair Kristoffersen 2010 Framing Climate Change.pdf

Eriksen et al 2010. “When not every response to climate change is a good one: Identifying principles for sustainable adaptation.”
Eriksen et al 2010 Sustainable Adaptation.pdf

Barnett, J. and O’Neill, S. “Maladaptation.” Journal of Global Environmental Change. Volume 20, Issue 2, May 2010, Pages 211-213
Barnett 2010 Maladaptation.pdf


Further readings

Executive summary of chapters 1, 13 and 20 of IPCC AR5 WG2.



St.Clair Session 3: Social sciences and humanities perspectives on climate change

This session outlines some of the most recent social science perspectives on the debate on climate and environmental change, with a focus to outline the specific contributions from the interpretative sciences. During the sessions we will discuss some of the recent social science and humanities perspectives presented in the World Social Science Report 2013. Students will work with selected short readings and will generate their own case studies


Assigned  & further reading

World Social Science Report changing global environments, ISSC,UNESCO and OECD

Chapters 2, 3 and 4 are mandatory, but feel free to explore many other chapters in the report.  It is a collection of very short essays addressing the multiple perspectives offered by the social and the human sciences.





St.Clair Session 4: The key tasks of development ethics in a changing climate

During this last session, we will explore key ethical themes that emerge from a particular framing of climate and environmental change from a development ethics perspective. The session will also discuss burning topics that require further research emerging from IPCC AR5 also from an ethical perspective, in particular within the theme of creating synergies between adaptation, mitigation and ethically grounded sustainable development. Last, this session will introduce students to current thinking on corporate sustainability and the role of the private sector as key actor in transformations to an equitable, low carbon future.


Assigned Reading:

Hackmann, H. Moser, S. and St.Clair, 2014. The Social Heart of Global Environmental Change, Journal Nature Climate Change
Hackman Moser StClair 2014 Social Heart.pdf

O’Brien, K. and Signa, L. 2014. “The Three Spheres of Transformation,” available at

St.Clair, A.L. (2014) “The four tasks of development ethics at times of a changing climate,”Journal of Global Ethics, 10:3, 283-291, DOI: 10.1080/17449626.2014.974111
StClair 2014 DE and Climate Change


Further reading:

Students should link with the readings assigned by Henry Shue and other lecturers.




ALISON M. JAGGAR: Gender and Global Justice


Session 1: Overview of some issues

This session sketches some of the rapidly expanding philosophical work on global gender justice. The aims of the session are, first, to give an idea how deeply the global order is gendered and, second, to consider why many worldwide gender inequalities are unjust.


Assigned reading:

  • Jaggar, Alison M. 2016. “Global Gender Justice,” forthcoming in The Oxford Handbook of Global Justice, edited by Thom Brooks, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Forthcoming from the author


Further reading:

  • Jaggar, Alison M. 2014. “Gender and Global Justice: Rethinking some Basic Assumptions of Western Political Philosophy,” editor’s introduction to Gender and Global Justice, Cambridge: Polity Press, 1-39.
    Jaggar Gosselin Brock Wisor 2014 Intro 1 5 7 8.pdf
  • Jaggar, Alison M, 2013. “We Fight for Roses Too: Time Use and Global Gender Justice,” The Journal of Global Ethics, 9:2, 115-129.
    Jaggar 2013 we fight for roses.pdf
  • Diana Tietjens Meyers. 2014. “Rethinking Coercion for a World of Poverty and Transnational Migration,” Poverty, Agency, and Human Rights, edited by Diana Meyers, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 68-91.
    Meyers 2014 Rethinking Coercion and Migration.pdf


Jaggar Session 2: Measuring well-being, poverty, and gender equity

Gender arrangements vary in different societies. Are there any universal standards that can be used for assessing their justice? Many proposed standards exist and more are constantly being developed. The readings for this session focus not on the substance of various proposed standards but rather on the methodology used in developing and applying the standards. We will also read one article on so-called adaptive preferences, or learned desires for things that are harmful.


Assigned reading:

  • Jaggar, Alison M. and Scott Wisor. 2013. “Feminist Methodology in Practice: Learning from a Research Project,” in Just Methods: An Interdisciplinary Feminist Reader, edited by Alison M. Jaggar, Boulder, CO: Paradigm Press [Second edition only].
    Jaggar Wisor 2013 Feminist Methodology in Practice.pdf


Further reading:

  • Jaggar, Alison M. 2006. “Reasoning about Well-Being: Nussbaum’s Methods of Justifying the Capabilities,” The Journal of Political Philosophy, 14:3 2006, 301-322.
    Jaggar 2006 Reasoning Nussbaum and Capabilities.pdf
  • Tobin, Theresa W. 2009. “Using Rights to Counter ‘Gender-Specific’ Wrongs,”Human Rights Review 10.4: 521-530.
    Tobin 2009 Rights to counter gender specific wrongs.pdf
  • Khader, Serene J. 2013. “Identifying adaptive preferences in practice: lessons from postcolonial feminisms,” Journal of Global Ethics, 9:3, 311-327.
    Khader 2013 Adaptive Preferences and Poco Feminism.pdf



Jaggar Session 3: Global gender justice in procreation and health

This session has a broad focus. Part of it will be devoted to exploring why abortion rights are rarely recognized as matters of global gender justice. In addition, we will discuss transnational reproductive travel, which involves individuals or couples from wealthy countries travelling to poorer countries to buy reproductive goods (gametes) or gestational (often called “surrogacy”) services. Finally, we will read an article analyzing the ways in which westernized gender norms and global scientific narratives about mental disorder mutually reinforce each other by examining two disorders that primarily affect women.


Assigned reading:

  • Jaggar, Alison M. 2009. “Abortion Rights and Gender Justice Worldwide: An Essay in Political Philosophy,” in Michael Tooley, Philip E. Devine, Celia Wolf-Devine, Alison Jaggar.  Abortion: Three Perspectives, Oxford University Press. 120-179
    Jaggar 2009 Abortion Rights and Gender Justice.pdf
  • Donchin, Anne. 2010. “Reproductive Tourism and the Quest for Global Gender Justice,” Bioethics 24: 7, 323–332
    Donchin 2010 Reproductive Tourism.pdf


Further reading:

  • Bailey, Alison. 2011. “Reconceiving Surrogacy: Toward a Reproductive Justice Account of Indian Surrogacy.” HypatiaVolume 26, Issue 4,  (Fall) pages 715–741.
    Bailey 2011 Reconceiving Surrogacy.pdf
  • Abigail Gosselin, 2014. “Global Gender Injustice and Mental Disorders,” in in Gender and Global Justice, edited by Alison M. Jaggar,Cambridge: Polity Press, 100-118.
    Jaggar Gosselin Brock Wisor 2014 Intro 1 5 7 8.pdf



Jaggar Session 4: Responsibility and repair

Global gender injustices come in many varieties and on many scales. This session will discuss one account (of several) of responsibility for addressing these injustices and a few suggestions for how to do so.


Assigned reading:

  • Young, Iris M. 2007. “Responsibility, Social Connection, and Global Labor Justice,”Global Challenges: War, Self-Determination and Responsibility for Justice,Cambridge: Polity Press, 159-186.
    Young 2007 Responsibility Connection Labor Justice.pdf


Further reading:

  • Brock, Gillian. 2014. “Reforming Our Taxation Arrangements to Promote Global Gender Justice” in Gender and Global Justice, edited by Alison M. Jaggar,Cambridge: Polity Press. 145-167.
    Jaggar Gosselin Brock Wisor 2014 Intro 1 5 7 8.pdf
  • Wisor, Scott L. 2014. “Gender Injustice and the Resource Curse: Feminist Assessment and Reform,” in Gender and Global Justice, edited by Alison M. Jaggar,Cambridge: Polity Press. 168-188.
    Jaggar Gosselin Brock Wisor 2014 Intro 1 5 7 8.pdf
  • Khader, Serene J. 2014. “Empowerment through Self-Subordination? Microcredit and Women’s Agency,” in Poverty, Agency, and Human Rights, edited by Diana Meyers, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 223-248.
    Khader 2014 Empowerment through self subordination.pdf
  • Sarah Clark Miller. 2009. “Atrocity, Harm and Resistance: A Situated Understanding of Genocidal Rape,” in Evil, Political Violence, and Resistance: Essays in Honor of Claudia Card, edited by Andrea Veltman and Kathryn I. Norlock, Lanham, MD: Lexington Books,   53-75.
    Miller 2009 Atrocity and Genocidal Rape.pdf





Pre-Institute Readings Information

Most institute readings may be found at (private resource: email epalmer@allegheny.edu for access).


Pre-Institute reading list:

For the institute, information concerning a detailed reading packet in electronically accessible .pdf form is accessible by way of the link above. A partial version of the packet should be available to you at the beginning of May, with a finalized version to appear as soon as is practical thereafter. Note that you will not be provided material in print form at the institute: it will be expected that you will print your own copy before arrival, or will work from an electronic version (if you use an ipad, we recommend https://readdle.com/products/pdfexpert5 for an efficient reading and mark-up tool). We will endeavor to provide a very large (1000 plus page) single-document .pdf version of the essential readings that will facilitate your printing.

1. Key texts (recommended starting points; portions of these may also be included in institute readings):

Nussbaum, Martha. Creating Capabilities. Cambridge, MA: Harvard, 2011. (Chapters 1-6)

Collier, Paul. The Plundered Planet: How to reconcile prosperity with nature. UK & USA: Oxford, 2010. (Chapters 1-4, 10,11; pp. 1-78, 207-243)

Jaggar, Alison. Ed. Gender and Global Justice. UK & USA: Polity Press, 2014. (1-39, 100-118, 145-188).

 —Optional material below — 


2. Area texts

Familiarity also with various standard texts in political philosophy and development (e.g., by Sen, Rawls) is recommended. For those new to these areas, we suggest Thom Brooks, The Global Justice Reader as a source for such material in abbreviated form. Another excellent, lengthier collection is two volumes: Pogge & Moellendorf, Global Justice: Seminal Essays and Pogge & Horton, Global Ethics: Seminal Essays. For introductory readings on transnational feminism, globalization and development, see Nalini Visvanathan et al., The Women, Gender and Development Reader. London: Zed Books, 2nd edition, 2011.


3. Further reading texts (portions of these may also be included in institute readings): If you would like to fill your bookshelves with more relevant material, some useful volumes, some particularly featuring our speakers, are to be found below. Reading of particular relevance to this institute is indicated in the braces that follow the entry.


a. Anthologies

Agarwal, Bina, Jane Humphries, Ingrid Robeyns. Eds. Capabilities, Freedom and Equality: Amartya Sen’s Work from a Gender Perspective.  Delhi: Oxford, 2006. (This volume fully contains and supplements with one further article material available in Amartya Sen’s Work and Ideas: A Gender Perspective.)

Chatterjee, Deen. K. Ed. The Ethics of Assistance: Morality and the Distant Needy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004. (Parts III and IV. 147-289: Nussbaum, Kelly, Beitz, Shue, O’Neill, Pogge)

Esquith, Stephen L. and Fred Gifford. Eds. Capabilities, Power, and Institutions: towards a more critical development ethic. Pennsylvania: Pennsylvania State University Press, 2010. (58-120; 142-160: Gasper & Truong, St. Clair, Barkin)

Gardiner, Stephen M., Simon Caney, Dale Jamieson, and Henry Shue. Eds. Climate Ethics: Essential Readings. New York: Oxford University Press, 2010.

Jaggar, Alison. Ed. Thomas Pogge and his Critics. UK & USA: Polity Press, 2010. (1-102; 175-215: Jaggar, Cohen, Tan, Chandoke, Ci, Pogge)

Meyers, Diana Tietjens. Poverty, Agency, and Human Rights. Oxford, 2014.

O’Brien, Karen, Asuncion St. Clair and Berit Kristoffersen, eds. Climate Change, Ethics and Human Security. UK: Cambridge, 2010. (Part 1, 1-62; Part 3, 95-154; Ch 10 & 12, 180-98, 215-226)

Rahnema, Majid with Victoria Bawtree. Eds.  The Post-Development Reader. London: Zed Books, 1997.


b. Monographs

Deneulin, Séverine. Wellbeing, Justice and Development Ethics. Routledge, 2014.

Drèze, Jean & Amartya Sen. An Uncertain Glory: India and its Contradictions. Princeton, NJ: Princeton, 2013.

Jamieson, Dale. Reason in a Dark Time: Why the Struggle Against Climate Change Failed–and What It Means for Our Future (New York: Oxford University Press, 2014). (1-61, 144-182)

Khader, Serene J., Adaptive Preferences and Women’s Empowerment, UK & USA: Oxford University Press, 2011.

Moellendorf, Darrel. The Moral Challenge of Dangerous Climate Change: Values, Poverty, and Policy, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2014.

Nussbaum, Martha. Women and Human Development.  UK & USA: Oxford, 2000.

Pogge, Thomas. Politics as Usual. Cambridge, MA: Polity, 2010. (Chapters, 1-5.)

Sen, Amartya. Development as Freedom. Oxford, 1999.

Shue, Henry. Climate Justice: Vulnerability and Protection. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014.